附：英式八股文：The Five Paragraphs of a Basic Essay
- This is your introduction. Begin with a good "grabber."
- Restate the topic and define it.
- State three explanations or examples.
- Conclude with a transition sentence that leads into the next paragraph.
Paragraph #2, Paragraph #3, and Paragraph #4
- These paragraphs are the body of your essay.
- Use a transition at the beginning of each paragraph. Try to be different.
- In each paragraph you develop one of your arguments, points, or explanations as fully as you can, restating the explanation and then expanding on it with examples or evidence that supports it.
- These are the most important paragraphs in the grading of the State Assessment Test. The judges are looking at how you support the broad statements you make.
- Each of these paragraphs (as well as the body of the essay) needs an introductory sentence and a concluding sentence.
- These are the paragraphs where it is important to use spectacular vocabulary to show a good knowledge of words.
- A little well placed humor and creativity definitely add to the quality of the paper.
- This is your conclusion.
- Restate your topic in words that are different from those in paragraph 1.
- Summarize paragraphs 2, 3 and 4.
- Draw a one sentence conclusion.
- End with a "zinger" that makes the reader think or smile.
- Keep to the topic. Do not stray or go off on a tangent.
- Use great vocabulary. You want to show that you have a good command of words that is above and beyond what the average student your age knows.
- Organize yourself well. Never make a statement that you do not back up or support. Develop that support well.
- Use transitions such as first, second, third, next, before or after, and finally.
*The above information was taken from "Blowing Away the State Writing Assessment Test" by Jane Bell Kiester available through Maupin House Publishing.