Nord Stream #1,2以及爆炸的一些細節及猜測

來源: 2022-09-29 09:26:06 [] [博客] [舊帖] [給我悄悄話] 本文已被閱讀: 次 (6503 bytes)

European leaders blame sabotage as gas pours into Baltic from Nord Stream pipelines

Aerial footage of leak in Danish waters from Nord Stream 1 pipeline – video

Sabotage is the most likely cause of leaks in two Baltic Sea gas pipelines between Russia and Europe, European leaders have said, after seismologists reported explosions around the Nord Stream pipelines.

A seismograph on the Danish island of Bornholm, near where the leaks occurred, twice recorded spikes on Monday, the day on which the Nord Stream 1 and 2 gas pipelines underwent dramatic falls in pressure, the German geological research centre GFZ said.

A Danish military flight over the leaks brought back striking images from the ruptures, including one showing an area of bubbling gas a kilometre wide on the sea’s surface.

Explosions reportedly damage Nord Stream pipelines causing gas leaks in the Baltic Sea

GFZ declined to be drawn on whether the tremors recorded could have been the result of an explosion but scientists at the research centre ruled out the possibility that the leaks could have been caused by earthquakes.

A seismologist quoted by Swedish television suggested the activity may have been the result of explosions. Björn Lund, director of the Swedish National Seismic Network, SNSN, which measures Swedish earthquakes and explosions, told the SVT television channel that the event – one of which registered a magnitude of 2.3 – may have been caused by undersea detonations.

“Breakage of gas pipelines is extremely rare”, Danish authorities said in a statement. The steel pipe itself has a wall of 4.1 cm (1.6 inches) and is coated with steel-reinforced concrete up to 11cm thick. Each section of the pipe weighs 11 tonnes, which goes to 24-25 tonnes after the concrete is applied.

One UK insider speculated that any explosions were unlikely to have been caused by a submarine or underwater vehicle, because their presence would have been detected in the relatively shallow Baltic waters. Sections of the pipelines are between 80 metres and 110 metres deep.

An alternative scenario could be that mines were dropped from a disguised commercial vessel days or weeks ahead of the attack, then remotely detonated to cause the explosions. But the latter scenario was entirely hypothetical, they stressed.

The day of drama began when the Danish energy agency said it had found the leaks on the Nord Stream 1 pipeline north-east of the island of Bornholm, and a third in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in Swedish waters south-east of the island. “This is not a small crack. It’s a really big hole,” the energy agency said.

A five-mile exclusion zone for shipping has been set up around Bornholm, and flights below 1,000 metres have been banned in the area. Methane, the primary component of natural gas, partially dissolves in water, is not toxic and creates no hazard when inhaled in limited quantities.

Nord Stream AG, the pipeline operator, had on Monday morning reported an unexpected overnight drop of pressure from 105 to 7 bar in Nord Stream 2, which is filled with gas but was cancelled by Olaf Scholz, the German chancellor, shortly before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

A further drop of pressure was reported on Monday afternoon in Nord Stream 1, which Russia shut down indefinitely at the start of September, initially saying it needed repairs.

With three separate leaks almost simultaneously, with some distance between them, it was “difficult to imagine” it was a random accident, Frederiksen said at a short press conference during a visit to Poland, where she was participating in the opening of the Baltic Pipe gas pipeline.

The news magazine Der Spiegel, quoting government sources, said officials were not ruling out sabotage, designed to cause further uncertainty on Europe’s energy markets.

Since no gas has flowed through either of the pipelines since the start of the month, German authorities have been quick to reassure people that the leaks will not affect its plan to fill gas storage tanks in time for winter.

Environmental NGOs said the leaks were likely to cause large-scale damage to the environment. “As soon as methane in gas form raises from the surface of the sea into the atmosphere, it will massively contribute to the greenhouse effect,” said Sascha Müller-Kraenner of the pressure group Environmental Action Germany.

 




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俄羅斯脫不了幹係, 不是自己幹的就是有人想嫁禍俄羅斯 -移花接木- 給 移花接木 發送悄悄話 移花接木 的博客首頁 移花接木 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:55:25

俄羅斯可以關閉源頭管道閥門,他們連核彈都上陣了,不會再閥門這件事兒上,抱琵芭半遮麵。管線斷了,而少了談判砝碼。沒有益處。 -楓林曉- 給 楓林曉 發送悄悄話 楓林曉 的博客首頁 楓林曉 的個人群組 (106 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 10:01:24

+1 俄羅斯停供即可,沒必要炸管道 -盈盈一笑間- 給 盈盈一笑間 發送悄悄話 盈盈一笑間 的博客首頁 盈盈一笑間 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:08:55

無人機幹的 -妖妖靈- 給 妖妖靈 發送悄悄話 妖妖靈 的博客首頁 妖妖靈 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:21:04

中國人的俗話叫背後捅刀子,你說明明可以證明一板磚,所以不必要背後捅刀子? -大西洋裏來的人- 給 大西洋裏來的人 發送悄悄話 大西洋裏來的人 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 05:16:00

Here is the WSJ report -kirn- 給 kirn 發送悄悄話 kirn 的博客首頁 kirn 的個人群組 (885 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:46:46

北溪#1號2號天然氣管道以及爆炸的一些細節及猜測 -移花接木- 給 移花接木 發送悄悄話 移花接木 的博客首頁 移花接木 的個人群組 (5243 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 09:49:51

網上說隻有美國有能力幹。 不知道魚死了多少。 -jianchi9090- 給 jianchi9090 發送悄悄話 jianchi9090 的博客首頁 jianchi9090 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 15:54:53

拜登之前關於核戰警告普京,重要的話說了3遍, don't don't don't 。這次是see see color? -盈盈一笑間- 給 盈盈一笑間 發送悄悄話 盈盈一笑間 的博客首頁 盈盈一笑間 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:08:12

Nord stream pipeline有多深?誰能想到把它炸了呢? -妖妖靈- 給 妖妖靈 發送悄悄話 妖妖靈 的博客首頁 妖妖靈 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 17:11:52

這是淺水區80-110米深度, 潛艇藏不住,無人機帶不動那麽大的武器 -移花接木- 給 移花接木 發送悄悄話 移花接木 的博客首頁 移花接木 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 04:54:33

技術上能幹這事的就美俄兩家,俄沒任何動機,誰幹的,隻能是美帝 -llarry- 給 llarry 發送悄悄話 llarry 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/29/2022 postreply 21:31:00

分析合理,站這裏 -盈盈一笑間- 給 盈盈一笑間 發送悄悄話 盈盈一笑間 的博客首頁 盈盈一笑間 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 04:13:17

應該是環保組織 -ahniu- 給 ahniu 發送悄悄話 ahniu 的博客首頁 ahniu 的個人群組 (76 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 05:57:32

英法德美,包括波蘭烏克蘭的情報機構肯定知道誰幹的 -Lucky_man- 給 Lucky_man 發送悄悄話 Lucky_man 的個人群組 (0 bytes) () 09/30/2022 postreply 08:09:36

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