? Newness, change, and excitement motivate learning.
? Habituation and novelty preference reflect children's ability to encode quickly and correspond to their attention, perception, and cognition.
? The brain is highly responsive to novelty.
? Exploration sets up opportunities for learning
“Habituation can also be used to assess infants' learning after birth. Infants will look at something when they are interested and turn to look away when they become bored. So if we show an infant a repeated display of events until he or she looks away and then switch to a new display (which may be only slightly different), we can determine whether the infant noticed the difference. The habituation response has been linked to both attention and language. Studies have shown that young infants who habituate quickly to complex events have greater vocabularies as toddlers than those for whom habituation takes longer (Dixon & Smith, 2008; Tamis-Lemonda & Bornstein, 1989). Habituation assessments in the first year of life also predict IQ between 1 and 8 years of age (McCall & Carriger, 1993). Rapid habituation reflects the ability to quickly encode an event into memory and to recognize it easily when it is presented again.”