When subjects are told to imagine themselves as 7-year-olds, they score significantly higher on tests of divergent thinking, such as trying to invent alternative uses for an old car tire.
5: a person or animal that is used in an experiment, study, etc.
▪ Each subject was asked to fill out a questionnaire.▪ The hospital is recruiting test subjects for the study.
China almost certainly would mount a cyberattack on the U.S. in the event of a conflict, and the U.S. has no clear policy to determine how to respond appropriately, a congressional advisory panel is set to warn on Thursday.
1pan·el /ˈpænl̟/ noun
[count] 1 a: a group of people who answer questions, give advice or opinions about something, or take part in a discussion for an audience
▪ The university is hosting a panel on free speech.▪ Tonight's show features a panel of famous chefs.▪ Three of the members on the panel are doctors.▪ a panel discussion on (the topic of) education
b: a group of people with special knowledge, skill, or experience who give advice or make decisions
▪ The advisory panel has recommended that the drug be approved.▪ A panel of judges selected the book for this year's award.
cUS: a group of people who are chosen to be jurors :jury—called also jury panel
夏普公司(Sharp Corp.)決定向台灣鴻海集團(Hon Hai Group)出售近10%的股權，此舉凸顯出日本曾經占據主導地位的電子行業已經淪落到何種程度。
Sharp Corp.'s decision to sell nearly a 10% stake to Taiwan's Hon Hai Group underscores just how far Japan's once-dominant electronic industry has fallen.
[+ obj] 1: to emphasize (something) or show the importance of (something)
▪ These failures underscore the difficulty of what we're attempting to do.▪ The President's visit underscores the administration's commitment to free trade.
2: to draw a line under (something) :underline
▪ She underscored the most important points.
[+ obj] 1: to draw a line under (something)
▪ His name was underlined in the book.
2: to emphasize (something) : to show the importance of (something)
▪ The accident underlines our need for better safety procedures.
In its evening news broadcast on Wednesday, state-run China Central Television showed Mr. Li meeting with Mr. Cook at Zhongnanhai, the closely guarded compound here that houses China's top leaders.
[count] : an enclosed area that contains a group of buildings
▪ a prison compound
hous·es; housed; hous·ing
[+ obj] 1: to provide shelter or a living space for (someone)
▪ More prisons are needed to house the growing number of inmates.— often used as (be) housed▪ The soldiers were housed in poorly heated huts.
The irony of the purging of Bo Xilai, the brash and charismatic Communist party chief of Chongqing, is that he may have been the most popular politician in China.
1: confident and aggressive in usually a rude or unpleasant way
▪ a brash young executive▪ She asks such brash questions.
2: very strong or harsh
▪ brash colors▪ brash lighting
— brash·ly adverb
▪ He brashly confronted his boss about a raise.
— brash·ness noun [noncount]
1 [more charismatic; most charismatic] : having great charm or appeal : filled with charisma
▪ He is a charismatic leader.
2— used to describe Christian religious groups whose members believe that they can communicate directly with God to receive help and guidance and the power to heal others ▪ charismatic sects
iro·ny /ˈaɪrəni/ noun
1 [noncount] : the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really think especially in order to be funny
▪ a writer known for her clever use of irony▪ “What a beautiful view,” he said, his voice dripping with irony, as he looked out the window at the alley.▪ She described her vacation with heavy irony as “an educational experience.” — compare sarcasm
2: a situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what you expected [count] ▪ It was a tragic irony that he made himself sick by worrying so much about his health.▪ The (awful/bitter) irony is that in trying to forget her, he thought of her even more.▪ That's just one of life's little ironies. [noncount] ▪ The irony of the situation was apparent to everyone.▪ He has a strong sense of irony.
[noncount] : the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say especially in order to insult someone, to show irritation, or to be funny
▪ biting/dry sarcasm▪ a voice full of sarcasm
A 2009 study found that subjects solved twice as many insight puzzles when surrounded by the color blue, since it leads to more relaxed and associative thinking. Red, on other hand, makes people more alert and aware, so it is a better backdrop for solving analytic problems.
back·drop /ˈbækˌdrɑ:p/ noun
[count] 1: a painted cloth that is hung across the back of a stage
2: the scene or scenery that is in the background
▪ The mountains provided a perfect backdrop for the wedding photos.
3: the setting or conditions within which something happens
▪ The novel unfolds against a backdrop of war.▪ The city provides the backdrop for the love story.
1. Of, characterized by, resulting from, or causing association.
2. Mathematics Independent of the grouping of elements. For example, if a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c, the operation indicated by + is associative