An Important Aspect of College Life
It is perfectly possible to organize the life of our colleges in such a way that students and teachers alike will take part in it; in such a way that a perfectly natural daily intercourse will be established between them; and it is only by such an organization that they can be given real vitality as places of serious training(1), be made communities in which youngsters will come fully to realize(2) how interesting intellectual work is, how vital, how important, how closely associated with(3) all modern achievement- only by such an organization that study can be made to seem part of life itself. Lectures often seem very formal and empty things; recitations generally prove very dull and unrewarding.
It is in conversation and natural intercourse with scholars chiefly that you find how lively knowledge is, how it ties into everything that is interesting and important, how intimate a part it is of everything that is interesting and important, how intimate a part it is of everything that is "practical'' and connected with the world. Men are not always made thoughtful by books; but they are generally made thoughtful by association with men who think.
by Woodrow Wilson
(1) as places of serious training：進行嚴格訓練的地方。用as引出的這個詞組用來進一步說明前麵的主語they(指colleges)。
(2) come fully to realize；(逐漸)充分認識到。
(3) how closely associated with…：與……多麽緊密聯係。此處associated為過去分詞，how closely associated with all modern achievement與how vital， how important並列，用來補充說明前麵的how interesting intellectual work is, 它們後麵可以看作都各自省略了不起intellectual work is.
It is in conversation and natural intercourse with scholars chiefly that you find how lively knowledge is, how it ties into everything that is interesting and important, how intimate a part it is of everything that is interesting and important, how intimate a part it is of everything that is "practical'' and connected with the world.
It is in conversation and natural intercourse with scholars chiefly that you find how lively knowledge is....
It + Be (+ Not And/Or Adverb) + Emphasised Word/Phrease + That(Who) Clause
Wh-Clauss + Be + Emphasised Word/Phrase
SENTENCE Mike took Sally to the party on Saturday.
EMPHASIS ON THE SUBJECT It was Mike who took Sally to the party on Saturday.
EMPHASIS ON THE OBJECT It was Sally that Mike took to the party on Saturday.
EMPHASIS ON THE ADVERBIAL It was on Saturday that Mike took Sally to the party.
EMPHASIS ON THE PREP. PHRASE It was to the party that Mike took Sally on Saturday.
EMPHASIS ON THE ACTION What Mike did was (to) take Sally to the party
Ref: Emphaitc Structure: Cleft Sentences
(The Importance of Scientific Experiments): It is Galileo's spirit of going direct to Nature, and verifying our opinions and theories by experiment, that. has led to all the great discoveries of modern science.
(A Little Girl): Yet it was not her beauty so much as the look she gave me that fascinated me, melted me.
最後一句: Men are not always made thoughtful by books; but they are generally made thoughtful by association with men who think.
Usage Note: Mutual is used to describe a reciprocal relationship between two or more people or things. Thus their mutual animosity means "their animosity for each other" or "the animosity between them," and a mutual defense treaty is one in which each party agrees to come to the defense of the other. But many people also use mutual to mean "shared in common," as in The bill serves the mutual interests of management and labor. This usage is perhaps most familiar in the expression our mutual friend, which was widespread even before Charles Dickens used it as the title of a novel. While some language critics have objected to this usage because it does not include the notion of reciprocity, it appears in the writing of some of our greatest authors, including Shakespeare, Edmund Burke, George Eliot, and James Joyce, and it continues to be used by well-respected writers today.
that and which
WILSON, WOODROW (1856--1924) 28th President of the U.S. (1913--1921). He graduated from Princeton and became a professor of jurisprudence and political economy at the university (1890), of which he was president (1902--1910), introducing many social and educational reforms in the university, including a 'preceptorial system' of small classes. His works include A History of the American People (1902) in 5 volumes, The Brew Freedom (1913), etc.
伍德羅·威爾遜(1856-1924) 美國第二十八任總統 (1913-1921)。威爾遜畢業於普林斯頓大學，1890年任該大學法學及政治經濟學教授， 1902至1910年任該校校長。在大學裏提倡社會改革和教育改革，包括實行小班"導師製"。其著作有五卷《美國人民的曆史》(1902)、《新自由》(1913)等。
【翻譯聽寫】練習之之17 -- 大學生活的一個重要方麵