How the Rest of the World Handles Maternity Leave
Obviously the U.S. is not the only location on the planet with sucky maternity paid leave laws, but we’re one of just a few. In one report the International Labour Organization (ILO) looked at 167 countries and found that 97% offer some sort of paid leave to parents. The exceptions are Lesotho, Papua New Guinea, Swaziland, and yup, the United States. On top of this insanity, the laws the U.S. does have in place to protect new parents are super shabby. Under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) U.S. workers are allowed 12 weeks of unpaid leave for newborn care. However, anyone working for someone with fewer than 50 paid employees is exempt and just 17% of U.S. workers report access to actual paid leave via company choice to offer it. In other countries, families fare far better. For example…
* In Norway parents are offered a “time account” which allows them to take partial parental leave combined with reduced working hours for a period up to two years.
* Belize, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panama and Venezuela provide at least 14 weeks of leave paid at 100% of prior earnings.
* Both Mexico and Pakistan, places you wouldn’t expect, offer 12 weeks paid leave for mothers.
* In Mongolia, mothers and single fathers are entitled to paid leave until the child is three and to additional breaks for childcare or feeding.
* In Austrila, if you don’t qualify for paid leave, you may qualify for a baby bonus of $5000.
* Thailand offers 100% paid wages for the first 45 days of maternity leave and 50% for the remaining 45 days.
* Chile and France have innovative workplace models in place that revolve around financial support through childcare allowances, vouchers and tax savings for working parents.
* Among the 11 Middle Eastern countries, 2 offer wages within ILO standards, with Iran providing for four months (if breastfeeding) and two-thirds of prior earnings and Syria providing for 120 days and 100% of earnings while the rest of the remaining countries provide 100% of earnings, although for fewer than 14 weeks.
* Amazingly, a number of places, including Finland, Libya, Portugal, Spain and Sweden even include self-employed women within the scope of maternity benefits.